Bacon, Francis

(1561-1626) Filósofo y político inglés. Es considerado el fundador del empirismo. Estableció una clasificación metódica de las ciencias, expuso el sistema de observación directa de la naturaleza sustituyendo el silogismo por la inducción, y atacó la degeneración escolástica de las doctrinas aristotélicas. Su obra más importante es Novum organum scientiarum (1620).
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(1909-92) Pintor irlandés. Fue una de las personalidades más interesantes de la pintura inglesa de posguerra. Influido por el surrealismo, reveló en sus cuadros la más profunda realidad del hombre. Obras: Estudio para un desnudo, Hombre sentado con fondo verde, entre otras.

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(28 oct. 1909, Dublín, Irlanda–28 abr. 1992, Madrid, España).

Pintor irlandés-británico. Vivió en Berlín y París antes de establecerse en Londres (1929) con el fin de iniciar una carrera como decorador de interiores. Sin formación académica, comenzó a pintar, dibujar y participar en exposiciones de galerías, pero con poco éxito. En 1944 cobró inmediata notoriedad con una serie de polémicas pinturas, Tres estudios para personajes en la base de una crucifixión. Su estilo acabado se manifestó completamente con la serie de obras conocida como "Los papas gritadores (1949–mediados de la década de 1950), en la cual convirtió el famoso retrato El papa Inocencio X de Diego Velásquez en un espantoso icono de terror histérico. La mayoría de las pinturas de Bacon representan figuras aisladas, a menudo enmarcadas en construcciones geométricas y representadas con colores manchados y violentos. Su imaginería característica sugiere rabia, horror y degradación.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • BACON, Francis — (1561 1626) Francis Bacon was a lawyer, man of letters, and philosopher in the Elizabe­than and Jacobean eras. Although he eventually became lord chancellor of En­gland, he is best known for his Essays and writings concerning the new philosophy,… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis — (1909 92)    by John Marks   Deleuze s aim in Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation, as with all his other works on art, is to produce philosophical concepts that correspond to the sensible aggregates that the artist has produced. The logic of… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis — (1909 92)    by John Marks   Deleuze s aim in Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation, as with all his other works on art, is to produce philosophical concepts that correspond to the sensible aggregates that the artist has produced. The logic of… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis —    b. 1909, Dublin; d. 1992, London    Painter    Francis Bacon was the most prominent English painter of the twentieth century until his death in 1992. Major retrospectives were assembled by the Tate Gallery in 1962 and 1985 (see Tate(s)). A… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Bacon, Francis — (1561–1626)    Politician and Philosopher.    Bacon was the son of Queen Elizabeth I’s Lord Keeper. He was educated at the University of Cambridge and was first elected a Member of Parliament in 1584. He became Solicitor General in 1608, Attorney …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Bacon, Francis — born Oct. 28, 1909, Dublin, Ire. died April 28, 1992, Madrid, Spain Irish British painter. He lived in Berlin and Paris before settling in London (1929) to begin a career as an interior decorator. With no formal art training, he started painting …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Francis — (1561 1626)    English philosopher, essayist, and royal official, knighted by King James VI and eventually raised to the peerage. The son of a high ranking official of Queen Elizabeth I, under James VI he rose to be lord chancellor, the highest… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Bacon, Francis — (1561–1626) English statesman. As a philosopher of science the first notable example of the empiricist tendency of English thought, but perhaps more importantly the prophet and protector of the dawning scientific revolution. He was a precocious… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bacon,Francis — I. Ba·con1 (bāʹkən), Francis. First Baron Verulam and Viscount Saint Albans. 1561 1626. English philosopher, essayist, courtier, jurist, and statesman. His writings include The Advancement of Learning (1605) and the Novum Organum (1620), in which …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Francis — (10/28/1909 Dublin 4/28/1992 Madrid) (England)    Painter, furniture and interior designer. Largely self taught, he did work with other artists from whom he learned various skills. Known for his use of the human figure as a subject rendered in an …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

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